Our skin is a complicated organ that needs to be supplied with the right quantity of moisture to keep it healthy. It can, however, be very hard to achieve the right balance especially on the feet. And the situation gets worse in extreme weather conditions when the skin gets too dehydrated or moist, leading to fissures and cracks.

What Are Fissures and Cracks?

Fissures and cracks are splits in the skin. Fissures normally form on the heel and are a result of dryness, while cracks are a result of a bacterial infection. People who have the habit of walking barefoot are more susceptible to such problems. Apart from this, patients who wear synthetic socks and shoes are also at risk of developing infection. Fortunately, doctors can easily treat cracks and fissures and assist patients in preventing further issues.


If its moisture that’s causing bacteria or fungal infection on the skin, the expert may apply certain kinds of medications to the feet. The patient may also be prescribed an antifungal ointment to use at home. In some cases, doctors may hand out oral medications as well. However, in case the patient suffers from dry skin, the expert may remove the rough patches with a special ointment. Fissures might be bandaged and an antibiotic may be given to prevent infection and soothe cracks.

Caring For The Feet

The expert might treat the fissures and cracks in the office. However, patients can also try out the below mentioned tips

For Dry Skin:

  • Always apply a good moisturizer on the feet after washing them thoroughly.
  • Ask an expert before making use of pumice stones to decrease calluses.
  • Avoid walking barefoot. Avoid open shoes.

For Moist Skin:

  • Dry the area in between the toes after taking a bath.
  • Never apply lotion between toes.
  • Take advice from the experts about utilizing antifungal lotions and powders.
  • Wear cotton socks.

Whether you suffer from moist skin or dry skin, inspect your feet on a regular basis. Look at the bottom and top of your foot. Also, visit a center for foot care in case you see swelling, redness, or increased heat.