Hammertoes | Center for Foot Care

At the Center for Foot Care, we specialize in the treatment of hammertoes, a common foot condition that affects the alignment of the toes. Hammertoes can cause discomfort and impact your ability to walk and wear shoes comfortably. In this article, we will provide you with detailed information about hammertoes, their causes, symptoms, and available treatment options.

Causes of Hammertoes

Hammertoes can be caused by various factors, including genetics, foot structure, and wearing ill-fitting shoes. Additionally, injuries or trauma to the toe can also contribute to the development of hammertoes.

Symptoms of Hammertoes

The most common symptom of hammertoes is the bending or curling of the affected toes. This can lead to pain or discomfort while walking or wearing shoes. Corns or calluses may also develop on the affected toes, and you may experience limited range of motion in those toes.

Types of Hammertoes

Flexible Hammertoes

Flexible hammertoes are characterized by toes that can still be bent. This type of hammertoe is usually in the early stages and can be treated with non-surgical methods.

Rigid Hammertoes

Rigid hammertoes, on the other hand, involve toes that cannot be bent due to advanced deformity. Surgical intervention may be necessary to correct rigid hammertoes.

Diagnosis of Hammertoes

Diagnosing hammertoes typically involves a physical examination by a foot specialist. Your medical history will also be assessed, and X-rays or other imaging tests may be ordered to evaluate the severity of the condition.

Treatment Options for Hammertoes

Non-surgical treatments

Non-surgical treatment options for hammertoes include wearing proper footwear that provides adequate support and room for the toes. Orthotic devices, such as toe splints or cushions, can also help alleviate symptoms. Additionally, specific exercises and stretches may be recommended to improve toe flexibility.

Surgical options

In cases where non-surgical treatments are ineffective, surgical intervention may be necessary. Arthroplasty, arthrodesis, and tendon transfer are some of the surgical procedures that can be performed to correct hammertoes.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What are the main causes of hammertoes?

A: Hammertoes can be caused by genetics, foot structure, ill-fitting shoes, or injury to the toe.

Q: How can I prevent hammertoes from worsening?

A: Wearing properly fitting shoes, avoiding high heels, and practicing toe exercises can help prevent hammertoes from worsening.

Q: Can hammertoes be treated without surgery?

A: Yes, non-surgical treatments such as wearing proper footwear and using orthotic devices can help alleviate symptoms and prevent further progression of hammertoes.

Q: How long does the recovery process take after hammertoe surgery?

A: The recovery time after hammertoe surgery varies depending on the individual and the specific procedure performed. Your foot specialist will provide you with detailed post-operative instructions and guidance.

Q: Are there any risks or complications associated with hammertoe surgery?

A: As with any surgical procedure, there are potential risks and complications associated with hammertoe surgery. Your foot specialist will discuss these with you and address any concerns you may have.

Q: Can hammertoes recur after treatment?

A: While hammertoes can recur, proper treatment and preventive measures can significantly reduce the likelihood of recurrence.

Q: Is it possible to straighten hammertoes without surgery?

A: In some cases, non-surgical treatments can help straighten hammertoes. However, the effectiveness of these treatments depends on the severity of the condition.


Early diagnosis and treatment of hammertoes are crucial for preventing further complications and improving your quality of life. If you are experiencing symptoms of hammertoes, we encourage you to schedule a consultation with the Center for Foot Care. Our experienced foot specialists will provide you with personalized treatment options to address your specific needs.