Neuromas, also known as Morton’s neuroma, are painful inflamed nerves that commonly occur between the third and fourth toes but can also occur between the 2nd and 3rd toes. The symptoms include a burning sensation, tingling, and numbness between the toes and the ball of the foot, especially during walking. Many individuals describe the sensation as having a rock in their shoe.
Causes and Risk Factors
Neuromas can be caused by various factors, including footwear choices that put excessive pressure on the toes, foot structure and mechanics that contribute to nerve compression, trauma or injury to the foot, and other underlying conditions.
A healthcare professional will carefully examine the affected foot, inquire about symptoms and medical history, and may order imaging tests such as X-rays, ultra-sound or MRI scans to confirm the diagnosis and rule out other conditions.
There are various treatment options available for neuromas, ranging from non-surgical approaches to surgical interventions. Non-surgical treatments include changing footwear to reduce pressure on the affected area, using orthotic devices for better foot support, medications to alleviate pain and inflammation, and physical therapy to improve foot mechanics. In cases where non-surgical methods are ineffective, surgical interventions such as nerve decompression or removal may be recommended.